In addition, nearly all Italian painting until that time depicted indoor settings or included urban landscapes, and if not, the landscape was unmemorable sfumato dissipating in the distance. The theme of the relaxed near-genre scene gently suggests fertility. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Once, when the kings of the Silvian House reigned over the Latin people, there lived a nymph whose name was Pomona. It aims to advance the study of the civilizations of the Greek and Roman world, their later influence, and their creative presence in modern culture. Vertumnus. Vertumnus and Pomona after Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, 1577–1640) Pomona was the beautiful goddess of fruitful abundance in ancient Roman religion & myth. Beneath the spreading tamarind, that shakes, He could change his form at will; using this power, according to Ovid's Metamorphoses (xiv), he tricked Pomona into talking to him by disguising himself as an old woman and gaining entry to her orchard, then using a narrative warning of the dangers of rejecting a suitor (the embedded tale of Iphis and Anaxarete) to seduce her. Mythology. It lacks the usual melancholy of Pontormo's religious canvases, and thus, is unique among his works. 1Charles Fantazzi, "The Revindication of Roman Myth in the Pomona-Vertumnus Tale," in N. Barbu et al. But Pomona was also regarded as presiding over other fruits, and as such is invoked by Thomson: "Bear me, Pomona, to thy citron groves, Lay me reclined Apparently, Pomona was a beautiful fruit nymph, who had many admirers. 1999 by Putti garland the window. She cared not for forests and rivers, but loved the cultivated country and trees that bear delicious apples. Pomona was of this class. With the deep orange, glowing through the green, Pomona was the especial patroness of the Apple-orchard, and as said, and kissed Pomona, not exactly with an old woman's kiss. Among them was Pomona, and no one excelled her in love of the garden and the culture of fruit. Vertumnus, either a demigod of seasons or a satyr, becomes taken with the nymph's beauty, but she ignores and rebuffs all his advances to enter her realm and remains a maiden. In some ways, this painting is aberrant in the prevailing current of Florentine painting of its time. Phoenix Her priest was called the flamen Pomonalis.The pruning knife was her attribute. Ch. The mutable Vertumnus gains access to the orchard disguised or transformed into an old woman (depicted as an old man with a basket, however, in this fresco). In Roman mythology, Vertumnus is the god of seasons, change and plant growth, as well as gardens and fruit trees. The allegorical figures over the doors and the facing fresco depicting Julius Caesar, begun by Pontormo’s mentor, Andrea del Sarto, were completed decades later by Alessandro Allori. Her right hand bore for its weapon not a javelin, but a pruning-knife. The stated theme is the classical myth of Vertumnus and Pomona taken from a story in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Thomson in the "Seasons" alludes to him: "Phillips, Pomona's bard, the second thou Even with the disguises, she still never paid him the slightest bit of attention. 6: Vertumnus and Pomona, Cupid and Psyche. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions One interpretation of this fresco is that the allegory delicately counterposes the turns in the myth using a mirror fashion in each hemi-lunette by depicting a contrast of the elder-faced Vertumnus with the rapt Pomona, the youth with a basket and a turning maiden, and finally, the naked man aloft on the fence picking fruit from the same tree from which, at a distance, the maiden trims a branch while clothed in a red dress that suggests arousal. Request Permissions. She was no huntress; the only implement that she ever held in her hands was a pruning-hook or a spade. VERTUMNUS AND POMONA. Its official languages are English and French. Last edited on 20 November 2020, at 14:59, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Preliminary drawing showing larger figures, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vertumnus_and_Pomona_(Pontormo)&oldid=989703891, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 14:59. Her right hand option. The myth is that of Pomona, a beautiful but aloof wood-nymph, shown with a sickle at right lower corner, who sheltered herself inside her orchard, dedicating herself to its cultivation while spurning all suitors. Access supplemental materials and multimedia.  The villa is set among orchards and gardens, and in summer, served as a retreat from the heat in Florence. In Roman mythology, Vertumnus was the god of seasons, change, and growth, as well as gardens and fruit trees. Genre topics and still life studies were rare for the high-minded Florentines. "But," said Vertumnus, "if the tree The fresco surrounds a lunette, high in a barrel-vaulted central hall. Vertumnus, the Roman god of seasons and change, assumed multiple guises as he attempted to woo the recalcitrant wood nymph Pomona. Authors should ensure that the argument of the paper is clearly expressed and its general significance made clear. (eds. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. The painting depicts peasants, including a naked youth, picking fruit or lounging beneath trees in a walled framework. The myth is that of Pomona, a beautiful but aloof wood-nymph, shown with a sickle at right lower corner, who sheltered herself inside her orchard, dedicating herself to its cultivation while spurning all suitors. Phoenix, journal of the Classical Association of Canada, publishes scholarly papers embodying original research in all areas of classical studies: the literature, language, history, philosophy, religion, mythology, science, archaeology, art, architecture, and culture of the Greek and Roman worlds from earliest times to about AD 600. He came to her in various disguises, which included, a reaper, an apple picker, a fisher, a solider, and more. and no one excelled her in love of the garden and the culture of fruit. Vertumnus, the young, handsome god of changing seasons and patron of fruits, decided to try to win over Pomona. She cared not for forests and rivers, but loved the cultivated country, and trees that bear delicious apples. Vertumnus & Pomona Francois Boucher(1703-1770) Pomona was the beautiful goddess of fruitful abundance in ancient Roman religion & myth. She and Vertumnus shared a festival held on August 13. Pomona was said to be a wood nymph. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Fanned by the breeze, its fever-cooling fruit. Published By: Classical Association of Canada, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. The journal welcomes submissions that use new approaches to elucidate their chosen topic and wishes to encourage more submissions on broader themes, as well as those that treat a single question in a detailed manner. ±×³àÀÇ °¡½¿¿¡µµ »ç¶ûÀÇ ºÒ±æÀÌ Å¸¿Ã¶ú±â ¶§¹®ÀÌ´Ù. blank verse. In the myth narrated by Ovid, she scorned the love of the woodland gods Silvanus and Picus, but married Vertumnus after he tricked her, disguised as an old woman. Mizian Language Explorer, Inc.. The fresco decoration of Vertumnus and Pomona in the Medici country villa at Poggio a Caiano (near Montalbano) was painted by Jacopo Pontormo. ), Ovidianum (Bucharest 1976) 283-293, at 288. The summer season evoked by the fruit and the reposing figures in the fresco is powerful as well as soothing. The imagery is an apt choice for this rural farm, however. For the sculpture by Camille Claudel, see Vertumnus and Pomona (Claudel) Select the purchase Their lighter glories blend. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Once inside, the myth relates that the disguised Vertumnus convinces Pomona, by means of allusive stories, to "carpe diem" and choose the handsome youth Vertumnus, who finally reveals his true form.
November 27, 2020